Researchers have been attempting to investigate the conceivable outcomes of life in our nearby planetary group past Planet Earth.
One reasonable up-and-comer that has gotten the most consideration is the Red Planet, Mars. It is viewed as the most comparable planet to Earth in the whole nearby planetary group. Investigation missions to Mars utilizing different Rover Missions have prompted a superior comprehension of the Red planet’s past condition in late decades.
Further, the consequences of these past missions have recommended that antiquated Mars had a wetter surface and thicker air—which could have continued microbial life. Presently, the race to investigate Mars is picking up pace with many space offices preparing for investigation missions to Mars. The most conspicuous of such missions is the NASA Perseverance Mission booked for the dispatch this July 2023.
To comprehend what potential secrets the Martian air and surface hold and the significance of such wanderer missions, we addressed Dr. Abhay Deshpande, a Senior Scientist (Physicist) working for the Government of India. He is additionally the Honorary Secretary of Khagol Mandal, a non-benefit group of space science devotees that composes different sky perception projects, talks, and study visits.
Everything began once again three decades prior when a bit of rock was found at Alan Hill Region of Antarctica. It was recognized as Meteorite however not from the space rock belt—yet from Mars.
Around 17 million years back, a few shooting stars hit the Mars surface and made an effect pit. The effect was solid to such an extent that due to the extraordinary shockwave, one of the Martian shakes most likely launched in space and continued meandering in the close planetary system. By some coincidence, 13000 years prior, one such stone was pulled in to Earth and affected on Earth close to Antarctica. Fortunately, this stone was found during an endeavor at Antarctica in December 1984 and was given to NASA as a shooting star for test contemplates.
The primary flood in the fame of this renowned shooting star came in 1996 when NASA pronounced that this stone, ALH 84001, was not a normal shooting star but rather it’s an uncommon example plunged straightforwardly from Mars.
On cautious examination, it gave a few structures which are likely hints of life from Mars!
This surprising declaration got up to speed open intrigue and all countries began contemplating sending missions to Mars. Thus began the race to Mars with NASA shooting various missions to Mars with Pathfinder conveying “Sojourner” in 1997 turning into the principal Rover on Mars with the ability to analyze. It was trailed by Spirit and Opportunity in 2004 lastly Curiosity in 2012.
The life on Mars has evaded us for the past such a large number of years—yet now we have affirmed that there to be sure was water on Mars.